- What is attribution?
- What are the consequences of attributions?
A fundamental problem with attribution theory is that it posits
an individual who is often ____________ in his/her seeking for
causes in social behaviour. Such theorising underestimates the
importance of ___________ meanings.
a. active, given
b. active, shared
c. passive, given
d. passive, shared
e. mistaken, shared
"Everybody cheats on their income tax. So what does it matter if I
cheat a little bit?" This is an illustration of a general principle
called the ___________. In other words, one’s own behaviour is seen
as more typical behaviour of others’ behaviour than it is.
a. actor-observer effect
b. fundamental attribution error
c. observer-actor effect
d. false consensus effect
e. self-serving bias
Alex, who is 10 years old, sees Craig fall off his bike. Attribution
theory would predict that Craig is more likely to be helped if Alex
thought to himself:
a. "I am a helpful person"
b. "Craig’s bike is old"
c. "Craig’s bike is new"
d. "Craig is not very good at riding"
e. none of the above
We often believe our own behaviours, especially undesirable ones,
are more common than they really are. This is called:
a. the false consensus effect
b. the false uniqueness effect
c. the fundamental attribution error
d. the correspondence bias
e. the self-serving bias
Joanne, who has never competed in athletics, is encouraged to enter
the school team and wins her first four races. If she thinks her
success is a fluke, her attribution is __________; but if she
decides that racing is an easy sport, her attribution is __________.
a. external-unstable; internal-unstable
b. internal-unstable; external-stable
c. external-stable; internal-unstable
d. external-unstable; external-stable
e. internal-stable; external- stable
The ultimate attribution error occurs when ______ and ______
behaviours are explained dispositionally, and ______ and ______
behaviours are explained situationally.
a. positive outgroup; negative ingroup; negative outgroup; positive
b. negative ingroup; negative outgroup; positive ingroup; positive
c. positive ingroup; negative outgroup; negative ingroup; positive
d. positive ingroup; negative ingroup; positive outgroup; negative
e. positive outgroup; negative outgroup; positive ingroup; negative
The fundamental attribution error is also known as:
b. correspondence bias
c. overattribution effect
d. b and c
e. a, b, and c
College roommates rated themselves and each other
in terms of consistency in display of traits such as happiness,
impulsiveness, etc. Roommates were considered to be more consistent
than self (Krueger, 1998). This is an example of:
fundamental attribution error
b. the actor-observer effect
c. the contact hypothesis
d. a replication of Gottman's relationship studies
e. the benefits of communal living
According to Jones and
Davis' (1965) Correspondent Inference Theory, internal attribution
is likely when we believe that the behavior ____________.
(Choose the INCORRECT answer):
a. is freely chosen
b. is intended
c. has noncommon effects
d. is socially desirable
According to Kelly's Covariation Theory,
dispositional attribution is likely when we believe that Consensus
is _____, Distinctiveness is _______, and Consistency is _______.
a. high; high; high
b. low; low; low
c. low; low; high
d. high; high; low
e. high; low; low
"I failed the exam because I am stupid" is an
example of a _________________ attribution (according to Weiner's
a. global, stable, internal
b. specific, stable, internal
c. global, unstable, external
d. specific, unstable, external
e. global, stable, external