Sample Exam Questions for "Environmental Psychology"

Last updated:
08 Nov 2005

Short-answer

  1. What is the relationship between attitude and behaviour?
  2. What would you consider to be three important psychological factors which determine a person's pro-environmental behaviors (such as not littering, recycling, minimizing energy use, etc.) and why?
  3. If you were advising the ACT government on how to get residents to comply with water restrictions this summer, what cost effective but behaviourally effective techniques would you suggest and why?
  4. Describe three levels of environmental consciousness.
  5. What is ecofeminism?

Multiple choice

Which of the following isn’t a definition of an attitude?
a. a psychological tendency that is expressed by evaluating a particular entity with some degree of favour or disfavour
b. the affect associated with a mental object
c. a special type of knowledge, notably knowledge of which content is evaluative or affective
d. a state of a person that predisposes a favourable or unfavourable response to an object, person, or idea
e. a stable trait or characteristic of the person

We are more likely to have a positive evaluation of an object:

a. the fewer times we are exposed to it.
b. the more times we are exposed to it.
c. the more times we are exposed to it provided the object is not initially disliked.
d. the fewer times we are exposed to it provided the object is not initially disliked.
e. the more times we are exposed to it provided the object is initially disliked.

The strength of the link between attitudes of behaviour may be influenced by:

a. personality characteristics such as self-monitoring
b. the accessibility of attitudes
c. level of identification with a group, when the attitude is perceived to be an ingroup norm
d. both a & c
e. a, b & c

People find information ___________________ their attitudes easier to learn and remember than information ______________ their attitudes.

a. opposing, supporting
b. supporting, opposing
c. irrelevant to, relevant to
d. relevant to, irrelevant to
e. none of the above

A key proposition of _______________ is that human beings have a genetic predisposition towards “life-like” or “nature” processes.

a. social identity theory
b. the biophilia hypothesis
c. environmental psychology
d. ecopsychology
e. deep ecology

Environmental psychology is primarily concerned with:

a. the effect of the environment on humans
b. the effect of humans on the environment
c. the interaction between humans and the environment
d. all of the above
e. none of the above

Environmental __________________ can be broadly defined as a set of proenvironmental beliefs, attitudes, and values
about the relationship between humans and the natural environment-a viewpoint that considers the environment as valuable in its own right and as worthy of protection, care, and preservation by humans.

a. concern
b. motivation
c. action
d. self-identity
e. authenticity

Which of the following strategies is most likely to produce behavioural change in reducing energy consumption:

a. self-monitoring
b. background information about energy consumption
c. punishment
d. all equally effective
e. none of these

Research into pro-environment behaviour change has found that feedback produces approximately a _____ improvement.

a. 10%
b. 20%
c. 30%
d. 40%
e. 50%

Dickerson et al. (1992) used an intervention to reduce the amount of water used in a gym shower.  The study was based on:

a. the foot-in-the-door technique
b. cognitive dissonance
c. gender role
d. a and b
e. a, b and c