Home Research, Evaluation, & Grant-writing in Outdoor Education
James Neill
Last updated:
16 Mar 2003

Background reading

Project 2: Abstracts & annotations for Project Adventure bibliography

Recommended Reading

Background Reading

This material provides an introduction to research in outdoor education.  It is assumed that you have already completed the reading and project from Class 1.

History of Outdoor Education Research

Project 2: Searching for Project Adventure literature

The project for this week involves collecting the abstracts for Project Adventure literature, creating summaries if necessary, and adding appropriate annotations.  Thus we will expand the bibliography (list of citations) into what's known as an annotated bibliography.  Please look through the model for an annotated bibliography, at the  Outward Bound Australia research bibliography (download the "volume of abstracts").

The aim is to make this a useful document from which we can launch into efficiently writing a meaningful overview of PA research.  In addition, an annotated bibliography is meant to serve as a future resource for PA, outdoor education, and related fields.  Having identified the literature out there, we need as many abstracts, summaries, and annotations as possible if this is going to be more than just a bunch of citations.

Please be zealous in your pursuit of abstracts - if you know someone who has access to a piece of literature, ask them to type the abstract in or write a summary if appropriate.  Working in research in outdoor education requires you to be persistent, determined, even belligerent in order to get good quality work done.  Everything is obtainable (or at least a lot more is available than you might think).

For this project, your group should submit:

  • a 1 to 2 page overview of the literature you identified and collated

  • an APA formatted list of citations - these can be organized by major themes (if appropriate)

  • an annotated bibliography containing the following for each citation (if unsure, see the Outward Bound volume above):

    • Title

    • Author(s) & affiliation

    • Date (year) of publication

    • Publication source

    • Abstract (or Summary where no abstract is available)

    • Commentary

    • Keywords

Summaries: For literature that does not have an abstract (such as a book, or an article for which you only have the citation), write a brief summary to replace the abstract.

Commentary: For literature which you cannot obtain, that is, you only have the citation details, then definitely add some relevant annotations to explain to a reader any other relevant information about the article.  Where abstracts are available, commentary is optional, but preferred.  For example, it may be worth commenting if a citations is widely cited, is a foundational article, where the article can be obtained, etc. Writing the commentary may require further searching and research.

Pending: Avoid putting temporary notes (such as "so and so is going to send me this"!) in the annotation.  Only include permanent details, such as the source details.  This saves editing time.  If the source comes through later, we can add it.

Your written report and presentation to class will be assessed in terms of its:

  • thoroughness and accuracy

  • organization and formatting

  • relevance of detail and annotation

  • insightful summary

Recommended Reading


Writing an Annotated Bibliography

Example Annotated Bibliographies