Definitions of adventure therapy continue to be debated, sometimes quite
vigorously. To throw my hat in the ring, here's a definition:
"Adventure therapy is the use adventure-based activities and/or adventure-based
theory to provide people with emotional and/or behavioral problems with
experiences which lead to positive change in their lives."
According to Priest and Gass (1997), adventure therapy is:
"programming aimed at changing [specified] dysfunctional behavior
patterns, using adventure experiences as forms of habilitation and
For the pragmatic purposes of conducting a meta-analysis, adventure therapy was
(Staunton, in preparation):
"any adventure experience with diagnosed clients or reporting a specified therapeutic outcome."