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Adventure Therapy

Adventure Therapy - History

James Neill
Last updated:
20 Feb 2005


The roots of Adventure Therapy can be traced to the first systematic attempts by civilized societies to provide humane treatment to the mentally ill.  In Europe, rural hospitals were known as sanatoriums:

one of the fruits of the Enlightenment was the widespread development of large hospitals for the mentally disturbed.  Most of these hospitals, both in the United States and elsewhere, were built in relatively isolated rural or suburban areas.  There were a number of reasons for this decision.  First, it was thought that patients would recover sooner if they were removed from the stresses of community life and allowed to repose in the fresh country air.
- p. 528, Alloy, Acocella, Bootzin (1996)

Go to a timeline of significant historical events in the history of adventure therapy (Lee Gillis)