Practical Aspects of Group Facilitation
Theoretical Aspects of Group Facilitation
Facilitation Links to Explore
What is facilitation?
To facilitate, is to help something (usually a process) move along. The
word derives from "facile" which is French for "easy". To facilitate,
then, is literally to make something easier.
Facilitate does not mean "solving a problem" or "doing it for someone". It
means doing something that makes a process run a little better.
When a situation is too difficult, a facilitator is there to help. When
a student or a group are having desirable experiences, the facilitator can be
Go to a more indepth section on
"What is facilitation?"...
This article describes the facilitation of a post-9/11 outdoor education
class for university students. This included approaching sensitive
emotions and reactions, sharing, listening, use of silence and grieving,
as well as exploring the potential relevance of outdoor education to the major
social challenges of our day.
Are the mountains still speaking for themselves?
Thomas James pointed out a competing
tension amongst Outward Bound instructors:
- some preferred to take
participants through adventurous experiences, letting the experience speak
for itself, whilst
other, more touchy-feely instructors, felt it was
important to help participants process, analyze, and discuss their
thoughts and feelings about experiences.
(named the "Outward Bound Process" model by Bacon, 1987) (go to
Neill, 2002, "Are the Mountains Still
Speaking for Themselves?").
Reviewing and re-enacting ropes course experiences
(Roger Greenaway, 2004, Outdoored.com)
The group processing principles presented in this article apply to most physical activities.
In this article, the processing techniques are described in relation
to ropes course activities - artificial outdoor challenges where
people climb, balance, swing and physically and emotionally support
group exercises & papers on facilitation
(Jerry Hampton, 2004)
Resources for group dynamics,
small groups, and community building
Rich array of resources for group dynamics, small groups
and community building. Practical and theoretical information for
leading small groups, including descriptions of well-developed group exercises. Influenced by
work of Scott M. Peck, author of classic book "The Road Less Traveled".
Crucial conversations can make or break a camp
(Joseph Grenny, Camping Magazine, Sep-Oct, 2003)
Soft and conceptual skills: The often overlooked components of outdoor
(Michael Swiderski, 1987, The Bradford Papers)
is Active Reviewing?
(30 min. interview with Roger Greenaway)
& reviewing in outdoor education
International's Global Facilitation Network