Outdoor Education R&E Center

Instructor Effectiveness

Instructor, Staff & Leadership - References for Outdoor Education

James Neill
Last updated:
11 Mar 2007


Bowles, S. (1996). Burnout and adventure education. Seikkailukasvatus-magazine, 2/96.

Climer, A. (2001). Training methods of non-degree college outdoor leadership preparation programs.  Unpublished Masters thesis, University of New Hampshire, NH.

Ford, P. (1996). Recommended competencies for outdoor educators. ERIC Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools Digest, Las Cruces, NM.

Gage, N. L. (1970).  Psychological concepts of teaching.  In E. Stones. Readings in educational psychology: Learning and teaching. London: Methuen & Co.

Handley, R. (1994). Out of the bush - into the wilderness: Tension and change. A paper presented to the 6th Annual Conference on Children with Emotional or Behavioural Problems, Adelaide, SA, September.

Hattie, J. A., Marsh, H. W., Neill, J. T., & Richards, G. E. (1997). Adventure education and Outward Bound: Out-of-class experiences that make a lasting difference. Review of Educational Research, 67, 43-87.

Hendy, C. M. (1975). Outward Bound and Personality: 16 PF Profiles of Instructors and Ipsative Changes in Male and Female Students 16-19 Years of Age. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Oregon.

Lakin, M. (1972). Interpersonal encounter: Theory and practice in sensitivity training. New York: McGraw-Hill.

McChesney, J., Everett, C., & Gerkin, M. (2002).  Students say their future field is misunderstood by the public. Parks & Recreation Magazine, October.

Neill, J. T. (2003). If only I'd known...Advice for outdoor education instructors.

R. Peih quoted in K. Smathers (Ed.) (1974). The Proceedings of the First North American Conference on Outdoor Pursuits in Higher Education. (The Development of New College Programs in Outdoor Experiential Education with Outward Bound). Appalachian State University, North Carolina, February).

Priest, S. (1986). Outdoor leadership preparation in five nations. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation. University of Oregon, Eugene, OR, USA.

Priest, S., & Gass, M. (1997). Effective leadership in adventure programming. Human Kinetics: Champaign, IL.

Richards, G. E. (1977). Some educational implications and contributions of Outward Bound. Sydney, NSW: Australian Outward Bound Foundation.

Texas A&M (2000).  Texas A&M Institute offers wide open degree.

The Outdoor Leaders Handbook: Activities, Information & Ideas (2002). Leadership.