Outdoor Education R&E Center

Introduction

Introductory Outdoor Education Articles

James Neill
Last updated:
26 Oct 2006

Introductory readings which explore the what, whys, wherefores and how tos of outdoor education.

Also see Articles about Group Games, Initiatives and other Experiential Group Activities

References

Environmental Education & Training Partnership.  Environmental education: Can it be defined?

Ford, P. (1986). Outdoor education: Definition and philosophy. ERIC Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools Digest, Las Cruces, NM.

Hillbert, H. H., & Grimm, G. O. (1973).  An operational definition and description of college outdoor programs. Presented at the Association of College Unions, International Conference.   Seminar #27 (a part of the "Move to the Great Outdoors" block). San Francisco, California, March 17-21, 1973.

Itin, C. (n. d.). Definitions of adventure-based practice and related terms.

Kielsmeier, J. (1988). Outdoor Centers and Camps: A 'Natural' Location for Youth Leadership Development. ERIC Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools Digest, Las Cruces, NM.

Knight, S., & Anderson, D. (2001). Why outdoor adventure? Generation youth issues.

Lund, M. (1997). Outdoor education: From the roots to the new branches. Grant McEwan College, Canada.

McIntyre, N. (1999). Adventure and the outdoors: Lecture notes. University of Waikato, New Zealand.

Missouri Western State College (n.d.) Experiential learning definitions & models.

Neill, J. T. (1996). The elephant in the black box: A parable about outdoor education.

Parkin, D. (1998). Is outdoor education environmental education? Project Nature-Ed, Brassall, Queensland, Australia.

Rocha, A. (2003). Science lessons in the outdoors. Merced Sun Star, February 8.

Rivkin, M. S. (2000). Outdoor experiences for young children. ERIC Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools Digest EDO-RC-00-7, Las Cruces, NM.

Watters. R. (1985). Historical perspectives of outdoor and wilderness recreation programming in the United States. Proceedings of the 1984 Conference on Outdoor Recreation:  A Landmark Conference in the Outdoor Recreation Field, John C. Miles and Ron Watters (eds), Idaho State University Press, Pocatello, pp. 103-114.

Watters. R. (1987). A model theory of outdoor programming approachesHigh-Adventure Outdoor Pursuits:  Organization and Leadership, Joel F. Meier, Talmage W. Morash, George E. Welton (eds.), Publishing Horizons, Columbus, OH,  pp. 213-225. 

Watters, R. (1999). Revisiting the common adventure concept:  An annotated review of the literature, misconceptions and contemporary perspectives. Proceedings of the 13th Annual International Conference on Outdoor Recreation and Education. Boulder, Colorado: Association of Outdoor Recreation and Education, 1999. pp 82-94.