Personality

Personality Traits

The Essential Personality Trait Approach

Last updated:
27 Jul 2004

The Essential Personality Trait Approach

Many psychologists have tried to reduce the many traits to a few essential ones.  Amongst the best known essential trait approaches are:

  • Murray 1938 (20+ “needs”)

  • Cattell (16 traits): 16 Personality Factors questionnaire

  • Eysenck (3 traits): Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ) - Extraversion, Neuroticism, Psychotocism

  • Costa & McCrae (5 traits): NEO - Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness to Experience, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness