Hello,

Last December, I asked list members to suggest readings for a graduate course on groups/teams. I received a number of replies which formed the basis for the reading list that was developed. What follows first is a summary of readings that were suggesed by list serve members that are grouped (in a loose way) by topic. The second list is the reading list that is being used for the course that I am currently teaching. Thanks to all that reponded to my intitial query.

Ken Price

An Introduction to Group Dynamics

McGrath, J. E. (1997). Small group research, that once and future field: An interpretation of the past with an eye to the future. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice, 1, 7-27.

Moreland, R. L., Hogg, M. A., & Hains, S. C. (1994). Back to the future: Social psychological research on groups. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 30, 527-555.

Lickel, B., Hamilton, D. L., Wieczorkowska, G., Lewis, A., Sherman, S. J., & Uhles, A. N. (2000). Varieties of groups and the perception of group entitativity. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 78, 223-246.

Steiner, I. D. (1974). Whatever happened to the group in social psychology? Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 10, 94-108.

Studying Groups

Forsyth, D. R., & Burnette, J. (2005). The history of group research. In S. Wheelan (Ed.), The handbook of group research and practice (pp. 3-18). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Online at http://www.sagepub.com/BookItems.aspx?pid=11276&sc=1

Hackman, J.R. (2003). Learning more by crossing levels: Evidence from airplanes, hospitals, and orchestras. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 24, 905-922.

Kerr, N. L., Aronoff, J., & Messe, L. A. (2000). Methods of small group research. Reis, H. T. (Ed), & Judd, C. M.(Ed). Handbook of research methods in social and personality psychology. (pp. 160-189). New York, NY, US: Cambridge University Press.

The Individual and the Group

Baumeister, R., & Leary. (1995). The need to belong: Desire for interpersonal attachments as a fundamental human motivation. Psychological Bulletin, 117, 497-529.

Gaertner, L., Sedikides, C., Vevea, J. L., & Iuzzini, J. (2002). The ‘I,’ the ‘we,’ and the ‘when’: A meta-analysis of motivational primacy in self-definition. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 83, 574-591.

Hogg, M. A., & Williams, K. D. (2000). From I to we: Social identity and the collective self. Group Dynamics, 4, 81-97.

Howard, J. A. (2000). Social psychology of identity. Annual Review of Psychology, 26, 36-393.

Hoza, B., Bukowski, W. M., & Beery, S. (2000). Assessing peer network and dyadic loneliness. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 29, 119-128.

Leary, M. R., Tambor, E. S., Terdal, S. K., & Downs, D. L. (1995). Self-esteem as an interpersonal monitor: The sociometer hypothesis. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 68, 518-530.

Sedikides, C., Gaertner, L., & Toguchi, Y. (2003). Pancultural self-enhancement. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 84, 60-79

Sommer, K. L., Williams, K. D., Ciarocco, N. J., & Baumeister, R. F. (2001). When silence speaks louder than words: Explorations into the intrapsychic and interpersonal consequences of social ostracism. Basic & Applied Social Psychology, 23, 225-243.

Van Vugt, M., & Hart, C. (2004). Social identity as social glue: The origins of group loyalty. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 86, 585-598.

Vandello, J. A., Cohen, D. (1999). Patterns of individualism and collectivism across the United States. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 77, 279-292.

Formation

Aronson, E., & Mills, J. (1959). The effect if severity of initiation on liking for a group. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 59, 177-181

Ellemers, N., Spears, R., & Doosje, B. (1997). Sticking together or falling apart: In-group identification as a psychological determinant of group commitment versus individual mobility. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 72, 617-626.

Fleeson, W., Malanos, A. B., & Achille, N. M. (2002). An intraindividual process approach to the relationship between extraversion and positive affect: Is acting extraverted as “good” as being extraverted? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83, 1409-1422.

Forsyth, D. R. (2000). Social comparison and influence in groups. In J. Suls & L. Wheeler (Eds.), Handbook of social comparison: Theory and research (pp. 81-103). New York: Plenum

Harlow, R. E., & Cantor, N. (1995). To whom do people turn when things go poorly? Task orientation and functional social contacts. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 69, 329-340.

Hirt, E. R., Zillmann, D., Erickson, G. A., & Kennedy, C. (1992). Costs and benefits of allegiance: Changes in fans’ self-ascribed competencies after team victory versus defeat. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 63, 724-738.

Lodewijkx, H. F. M., & Syroit, J. M. M. (1997). Severity of initiation revisited: Does severity of initiation increase attactiveness in real groups. European Journal of Social Psychology, 27, 275-300.

O’Connor, B. P., & Dyce, J. (1997). Interpersonal rigidity, hostility, and complementarity in musical bands. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 72, 362-372.

Pavelshak, M. A., Moreland, R. L., & Levine, J. M. (1986). Effects of prior group memberships on subsequent reconnaissance activities. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 50, 56-66.

Putnam, R. D. (2000). Thinking about social change in America. Chapter 1 in Bowling alone. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Smith, R. H. (2000). Assimilative and contrastive emotional reactions to upward and downward social comparisons. In J. Suls & L. Wheeler (Eds.), Handbook of social comparison: Theory and research (pp. 173-200). New York: Plenum.

Wisman, A., & Koole, S. L. (2003). Hiding in the crowd: Can mortality salience promote affiliation with others who oppose one’s worldviews? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84, 511-526.

Cohesion and Teams

Dion, K. L. (2000). From field of forces to multidimensional construct. Group Dynamics, 4, 7-26.

Driskell, J. E., Radtke, P. H., & Salas, E. (2003). Virtual teams: Effects of technological mediation on team performance. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice, 7, 297-323

Gully, S. M., Incalcaterra, K. A., Joshi, A., & Beaubien, J. M. (2002). A meta-analysis of team- efficacy, potency, and performance: Interdependence and level of analysis as moderators of observed relationships. Journal of Applied Psychology, 87, 819-832.

Hackman, J. R. (1998). Why teams don’t work. In R. S. Tindale and Associates (Eds.), Theory and research in small groups (pp. 245-267). New York: Plenum Press.

Iannaccone, L. R. (1994). Why strict churches are strong. American Journal of Sociology, 99, 1180-1211.

Mullen, B., & Copper, C. (1994). The relation between group cohesiveness and performance: An integration. Psychological Bulletin, 115, 210-227.

Sundstrom, E., McIntyre, M., Halfhill, T., & Richards, H. (2000). Work groups: From the Hawthorne studies to work teams of the 1990s and beyond. Group Dynamics, 4, 44-67.

Weick, K. E., & Roberts, K. H. (1993). Collective minds in organizations: Heedful interrelating on flight decks. Administrative Science Quarterly, 38, 357-381.

Wheelan, S. A., & Hochberger, J. M. (1996). Validation studies of the group development questionnaire. Small Group Research, 27, 143-170.

Structure

Adler, P. A., & Adler, P. (1995). Dynamics of inclusion and exclusion in preadolesent cliques. Social Psychology Quarterly, 58, 145-162.

Bukowski, W. M., Sippola, L. K., & Newcomb, A. F. (2000). Variations in patterns of attraction of same- and other-sex peers during early adolescence. Developmental Psychology, 36, 147-154.

Crandall, C. S. (1988). Social contagion of binge eating. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 55, 588-598.

Feeley, T. H. (2000). Testing a communication network model of employee turnover based on centrality. Journal of Applied Communication Research, 28, 262-277.

Forsyth, D. R. (1994). Norms. In T. Manstead & M. Hewstone (Eds.), Blackwell encyclopedia of social psychology. Blackwell: Oxford, UK.

Foschi, M. (1996). Double standards in the evaluation of men and women. Social Psychology Quarterly, 59, 237-254.

Kameda, T., Takezawa, M., & Hastie, R. (2003). The logic of social sharing: An evolutionary game analysis of adaptive norm development. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 7, 2-19.

Major, D. A., Kozlowski, S. W., Chao, G. T., & Gardner, P. D. (1995). A longitudinal investigation of newcomer expectations, early socialization outcomes, and the moderating effects of role development factors. Journal of Applied Psychology, 80, 418-431.

McPherson, M., Smith-Lovin, L., & Cook, J. M. (2001). Birds of a feather: Homophily in social networks [Electronic version]. Annual Review of Sociology, 27, 415-444.

Milanovich, D. M., Driskell, J. E., Stout, R. J., & Salas, E. (1998). Status and cockpit dynamics: A review and empirical study. Group Dynamics, 2, 155-167.

Mudrack, P. E., & Farrell, G. M. (1995). An examination of functional role behavior and its consequences for individuals in group settings. Small Group Research, 26, 542-571.

Newcomb, T. M. (1979). Reciprocity of interpersonal attraction: A nonconfirmation of a plausible hypothesis. Social Psychology Quarterly, 42, 299-306.

Nielsen, M. E., & Miller, C. E. (1997). The transmission of norms regarding group decision rules. Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, 23, 516-525.

Owens, D. A., & Sutton, R. I. (2001). Status contests in meetings: Negotiating the informal order. In M. Turner (Ed.), Groups at work: Theory and research (pp. 299-316). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Schein, E. H. (1990). Organizational culture. American Psychologist, 45, 109-119.

Sell, J., Knottnerus, J. D., Ellison, C., & Mundt, H. (2000). Reproducing social structure in task groups: The role of structural ritualization. Social Forces, 79, 453-475.

Tiedens, L. Z. (2001). Anger and advancement versus sadness and subjugation: The effect of negative emotion expressions on social status conferral. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 80, 86-94.

Influence

Bassili, J. N. (2003). The minority slowness effect: Subtle inhibitions in the expression of views not shared by others. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 84, 261-276.

Bond, R., & Smith, P. B. (1996). Culture and conformity: A meta-analysis of studies using Asch’s (1952b, 1956) line judgment task. Psychological Bulletin, 119, 111-137.

Devine, D. J., Clayton, L. D., Dunford, B. B., Seying, R., & Pryce, J. (2001). Jury decision making: 45 years of empirical research on deliberating groups. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 7, 622-727.

Fisher, J. D. (1988). Possible effects of reference group-based social influence on AIDS-risk behavior and AIDS prevention. American Psychologist, 43, 914-920.

Latané, B. (1981). The psychology of social impact. American Psychologist, 36, 343-356.

Latané, B., & L’Herrou, T. (1996). Spatial clustering in the conformity game: Dynamic social impact in electronic groups. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 70, 1218-1230.

Milanovich, D. M., Driskell, J. E., Stout, R. J., & Salas, E. (1998). Status and cockpit dynamics: A review and empirical study. Group Dynamics, 2, 155-167.

Perkins, H. W. (2002). Social norms and the prevention of alcohol misuse in collegiate contexts. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 63, 164-172.

Twenge, J. M. (2001). Changes in women’s assertiveness in response to status and roles: A cross-temporal meta-analysis, 1931-1993. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 81, 133-145.

Power

Elms, A. (1995). Obedience in retrospect. Journal of Social Issues, 51, 21-32.

Frey, K. S., Hirschstein, M. K., Snell, J. L., Edstrom, L. V. S., MacKenzie, E. P., Broderick, C. J. (2005). Reducing Playground Bullying and Supporting Beliefs: An Experimental Trial of the Steps to Respect Program. Developmental Psychology, 41, 479-491.

Keltner, D., Gruenfeld, D. H., & Anderson, C. (2003). Power, approach, and inhibition. Psychological Review, 110, 265-284.

Strong, S. R., Hills, H. I., Kilmartin, C. T., DeVries, H., Lanier, K., Nelson, B. N., Strickland, D., & Meyer, C. W., III. (1988). The dynamic relations among interpersonal behaviors: A test of complementarity and anticomplementarity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54, 798-810.

Performance

Aiello, J. R., & Douthitt, E. A. (2001). Social facilitation from Triplett to electronic performance monitoring. Group Dynamics, 5, 163-180. Karau, S. J., & Williams, K. D. (1993). Social loafing: A meta-analytic review and theoretical integration. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65, 681- 706.

Hertel, G., Kerr, N. L., & Messe, L. A. (2000). Motivation gains in performance groups: Paradigmatic and theoretical developments on the Koehler effect. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 79, 580-601.

Huguet, P., Charbonnier, E., & Monteil, J. (1999). Productivity loss

in performance groups: People who see themselves as average do not engage in social loafing. Group Dynamics, 3, 118-131.

Lau, D. C., & Murnighan, J. K. (1998). Demographic diversity and faultlines: The compositional dynamics of organizational groups. Academy of Management Review, 23, 325-340.

Markus, H. (1978). The effect of mere presence on social facilitation: An unobtrusive test. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 14, 389-397.

McPherson, J. M., & Rotolo, T. (1996). Testing a dynamic model of social composition: Diversity and change in voluntary groups. American Sociological Review, 61, 179-202.

Wageman, R. (1999). Task design, outcome interdependence, and

individual differences: Their joint effects on effort in task-performing teams (Commentary on Huguet et al., 1999). Group Dynamics, 3, 132-137.

Zajonc, R. B., Heingartner, A., & Herman, E. M. (1969). Social enhancement and impairment of performance in the cockroach. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 13, 83-92.

Decision Making

Clark, S. E., Hori, A., Putnam, A., & Martin, T. P. (2000). Group collaboration in recognition memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition, 26, 1578-1588.

Drummond, H. (1994). Too little, too late: A case study of escalation in decision making. Organization Studies, 15, 591-607.

Esser, J. K. (1998). Alive and well after 25 years: A review of groupthink research. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 73, 116-141.

Hinsz, V. B., Tindale, R. S., & Vollrath, D. A. (1997). The emerging conceptualization of groups as information processors. Psychological Bulletin, 121, 43-64.

Kerr, N. L., & Tindale, R. S. (2004). Group performance and decision making. Annual Review of Psychology, 55, 623-655.

Kerr, N. L., MacCoun, R. J., & Kramer, G. P. (1996a). Bias in judgment: Comparing individuals and groups. Psychological Review, 103, 687-719.

Lam, S. S., & Schaubroeck, J. (2000). Improving group decisions by better pooling information: A comparative advantage of group decision support systems. Journal of Applied Psychology, 85, 565-573.

Niederman, F., & Volkema, R. J. (1999). The effects of facilitator

characteristics on meeting preparation, set up, and implementation. Small Group Research, 30, 330-360.

Turner, M., & Horvitz, T. (2001). The dilemma of threat: Group effectiveness and ineffectiveness under adversity. In M. Turner (Ed.) Groups at work: Theory and research.(pp. 445-470). Mahwah, N.J.: Erlbaum.

Weick, K. E., & Roberts, K. H. (1993). Collective minds in organizations: Heedful interrelating on flight decks. Administrative Science Quarterly, 38, 357-381.

Whyte, G. (1998). Recasting Janis's groupthink model: The key role

of collective efficacy in decision fiascoes. Organizational Behavior & Human Decision Processes, 73, 185-209.

Leadership

Bass, B. M. (1997). Does the transactional-transformational leadership paradigm transcend organizational and national boundaries? American Psychologist, 52, 130-139.

Bass, B. M., Avolio, B. J., Jung, D. I., and Berson, Y. (2003). Predicting unit performance by assessing transformational and transactional leadership. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88, 207-218.

Bligh, M. C., Kohles, J. C., and Meindl, J. R. (2004). Charting the language of leadership: A methodological investigation of President Bush and the crisis of 9/11. Journal of Applied Psychology, 89, 562-574.

Bono, J. E., and Judge, T. A. (2004). Personality and transformational and transactional Leadership: A meta-analysis. Journal of Applied Psychology, 89, 901-910.

Chan, K., and Drasgow, F. (2001). Toward a theory of individual differences and leadership: Understanding the motivation to lead. Journal of Applied Psychology, 86, 481-498.

De Cremer, D., van Knippenberg, B., van Knippenberg, D., Mullenders, D., and Stinglhamber, F. (2005). Rewarding leadership and fair procedures as determinants of self-esteem. Journal of Applied Psychology, 90, 3-12.

Eagly A. H., Johannesen-Schmidt, M. C., & van Engen, M. L. (2003). Transformational, transactional, and laissez-faire leadership styles: A meta-analysis comparing women and men. Psychological Bulletin, 129, 569-591.

Eagly, A. H., & Karau, S. J. (2002). Role congruity theory of prejudice toward female leaders. Psychological Review, 109, 573-598.

Haslam, S. A., et al. (2001). Social identity and the romance of leadership: The importance of being seen to be ‘doing it for us.’ Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 4, 191-205.

Hogan, R., Curphy, G. J., & Hogan, J. (1994). What we know about leadership: Effectiveness and personality. American Psychologist, 49, 493-504.

Hogan, R., Kaiser, R. B. (2005). What We Know About Leadership. Review of General Psychology, 9, 169-180.

Judge, T. A., Bono, J. E., Ilies, R., Gerhardt, M. W. (2002). Personality and leadership: A qualitative and quantitative review. Journal of Applied Psychology, 87, 765-780.

Peterson, R. S., Smith, D. B., Martorana, P. V., & Owens, P. D. (2003). The impact of chief executive officer personality on top management team dynamics: One mechanism by which leadership affects organizational performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88, 795-808.

Wolff, S. B., Pescosolido, A. T., & Druskat, V. U. (2002). Emotional intelligence as the basis of leadership emergence in self-managing teams. Leadership Quarterly, 13, 505-522.

Zaccaro, S. J., Foti, R. J., & Kenny, D. A. (1991). Self-monitoring and trait-based variance in leadership: An investigation of leader flexibility across multiple situations. Journal of Applied Psychology, 76, 308-315.

Conflict

De Dreu, C. K. W., & Weingart, L. R. (2003). Task versus relationship conflict, team performance, and team member satisfaction: A meta-analysis. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88, 741-749.

Forsyth, D. R., & Kelley, K. N. (1994). Attribution in groups: Estimations of personal contributions to collective endeavors. Small Group Research, 25, 367-383.

Forsyth, D. R., Berger, R., & Mitchell, T. (1981). The effects of self- serving vs. other-serving claims of responsibility on attraction and attribution in groups. Social Psychology Quarterly, 44, 59-64.

Forsyth, D. R., Zyzniewski, L. E., & Giammanco, C. A. (2002). Responsibility diffusion in cooperative collectives. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 28, 54-65.

Komorita, S. S., & Parks, C. D. (1995). Interpersonal relations: Mixed-motive interaction. Annual Review of Psychology, 46, 183-207.

Mikolic, J. M., Parker, J. C., & Pruitt, D. G. (1997). Escalation in response to persistent annoyance: Groups versus individuals and gender effects. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 72, 151-163.

Nisbett, R. E. (1993). Violence and U.S. regional culture. American Psychologist, 48, 441-449.

van de Vliert, E., & Euwema, M. C. (1994). Agreeableness and

activeness as components of conflict behaviors. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 66, 674-687.

Van Lange, P. A., Ouwerkerk, J. W., & Tazelaar, M. J. (2002). How to

overcome the detrimental effects of noise in social interaction: The benefits of generosity. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 82, 768-780.

Intergroup Relations

Ashburn-Nardo, L., Voils, C. I., & Monteith, M. J. (2001). Implicit

associations as the seeds of intergroup bias: How easily do they take root? Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 81, 789-799.

Gaertner, S. L., Dovidio, J. F., Banker, B. S., Houlette, M., Johnson, K. M., & McGlynn, E. A. (2000). Reducing intergroup conflict: >From superordinate goals to decategorization, recategorization, and mutual differentiation. Group Dynamics, 4, 98-114.

Pettigrew, T. F. (1997). Generalized intergroup contact effects on

prejudice. Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, 23, 173-185.

Pettigrew, T. F. (1998). Intergroup contact theory. Annual Review of Psychology, 49, 65-85.

Rouhana, N., & Bar-Tal, D. (1998). Psychological dynamics of

intractable ethnonational conflicts: The Israeli-Palestinian case. American Psychologist, 53, 761-770.

Wildschut, T., Insko, C. A., & Gaertner, L. (2002). Intragroup social influence and intergroup competition. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 82, 975-992.

Wright, S. C., Aron, A, McLaughlin-Volpe, T., Ropp, S. A. (1997). The extended contact effect: Knowledge of cross-group friendships and prejudice. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 73, 73-90.

Groups in Context

Baumeister, R. F. (1995). Disputing the effects of championship pressures and home audiences. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 68, 644-648.

Cini, M. A., Moreland, R. L., & Levine, J. M. (1993). Group staffing levels and responses to prospective and new group members. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65, 723-734.

Heller, J. F., Groff, B. D., & Solomon, S. H. (1977). Toward an understanding of crowding: The role of physical interaction. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 35, 183-190.

Mosteller, F. (1995) The Tennessee study of class size in the early school grades. Critical Issues for Children and Youth, 5, 113-127.

Pedersen, D. M. (1999). Model for types of privacy by privacy functions. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 19, 397-405.

Ruback, R. B., & Innes, C. A. (1988). The relevance and irrelevance of psychological research: The example of prison crowding. American Psychologist, 43, 683-693.

Schlenker, B. R., Phillips, S. T., Boniecki, K. A., & Schlenker, D. R. (1995). Championship pressures: Choking or triumphing in one’s own territory. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 68, 632-643.

Vinsel, A., Brown, B. B., Altman, I., & Foss, C. (1980). Privacy regulation, territorial displays, and effectiveness of individual functioning. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 39, 1104-1115.

Groups and Change

Carpenter, S., & Johnson, L. E. (2001). Women derive collective self-esteem from their feminist identity. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 25, 254-257.

Corning, A. F. (2002). Self-esteem as a moderator between perceived discrimination and psychological distress among women. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 49, 117-126.

Forsyth, D. R., Elliott, T. R., & Welsh, J. A. (1999). The functions of groups: A psychometric analysis of the group resources inventory. International Journal of Action Methods, 52, 1-14.

Kipper, D. A., Ritchie, T. D. (2003). The effectiveness of psychodramatic techniques: A meta-analysis. Group Dynamics, 7, 13-25.

Kivlighan, D. M., Jr., McGovern, T.V., & Corazzini, J. G. (1984). Effects of content and timing of structuring interventions on group therapy process and outcome. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 31, 363-370.

Levy, L. H. (2000). Self-help groups. In J. Rappaport & E. Seidman (Eds.), Handbook of community psychology (pp. 591-613). Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic.

Marmarosh, C. L., & Corazzini, J. G. (1997). Putting the group in your pocket: Using collective identity to enhance personal and collective self-esteem. Group Dynamics, 1, 65-74.

Meyerstein, I. (2005). Sustaining our spirits: Spiritual study/discussion groups For coping with medical illness. Journal of Religion and Health, 44, 207-22.

Seligman, M. E. P. (1995). The effectiveness of psychotherapy: The Consumer Reports study. American Psychologist, 50, 965-974.

Crowds and Collective Behavior

Gergen, K. J., Gergen, M. M., & Barton, W. H. (1973). Deviance in the dark. Psychology Today, 10, 129-130.

Milgram, S., Bickman, L., & Berkowitz, L. (1969). Note on the drawing power of crowds of different size. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 13, 79-82.

Milgram, S., Liberty, H. J., Toledo, R., & Wackenhut, J. (1986). Response to intrusion into waiting lines. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51, 683-689.

Milgram, S., & Toch, H. (1969). Collective behavior: Crowds and social movements. In G. Lindzey & E. Aronson (Eds.), The handbook of social psychology (Vol. 4, 2nd ed., pp. 507-610). Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.

Postmes, T., & Spears, R. (1998). Deindividuation and antinormative behavior: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 123, 238-259.

Vider, S. (2004). Rethinking crowd violence: Self-categorization theory and the Woodstock 1999 riot. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, 34, 141-166.

Group Memory

Hinsz, V. B. (1990). Cognitive and consensus processes in group recognition memory performance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 59, 705-718.

Hollingshead, A. B. (2001). Cognitive interdependence and convergent expectatons in transactive memory. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 81, 1080-1089.

Group Information Pooling

Stasser, G., & Stewart, D. (1992). Discovery of hidden profiles by decision-making groups: Solving a problem versus making a judgment. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 63, 426-434.

Stasser, G., Vaughan, S. I., & Stewart, D. (2000). Pooling unshared information: The benefits of knowing how access to information is distributed among group members. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 82, 102-116.

Group Learning

Laughlin, P. R. (1999). Collective induction: Twelve postulates. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 80, 50-69.

Kane, A. A., Argote, L., & Levine, J. M. (2005). Knowledge transfer between groups via personnel rotation: Effects of social identity and knowledge quality. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 96, 56-71.

Group versus Individual Problem Solving

Laughlin, P. R., Bonner, B. L., & Miner, A. G. (2002). Groups perform better than the best individuals on Letters-to-Numbers problems. Organizational Behavior and Human Decisions Processes, 68, 605-620.

Laughlin, P. R., Zander, M. L., & Knievel, E. (2003). Groups perform better than the best individuals on Letters-to-Numbers problems: Informative equations and effective strategies. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.

Studying Small Groups

Hackman, J. R. (2003). Learning more by crossing levels: Evidence from airplanes, hospitals, and orchestras. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 24, 905-922.

Hamilton, D. L., Sherman, S. J., & Castelli, l. (2002). A group by any other name – the role of entitativity in group perception. In W. Stroebe & M. Hewstone (Eds.), European review of social psychology (pp. 139-166). Chichester, England: John Wiley.

Kenny, D. A., Mannertti, L., Pierro, A., Luvi, S., & Kashy, D. A. (2002). The statistical analysis of data from small groups. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83, 125-137.

Levine, J. M., & Moreland, R. L. (1998). Small groups. In D. T. Gilbert, S. T. Fiske, & G. Lindzey (Eds.), Handbook of social psychology (4th ed., pp. 415-469). New York: McGraw- Hill. Weingart, L. R. (1997). How did they do that? The ways and means of studying group process. In B. M. Staw & L. L. Cummings (Eds.), Research in organizational behavior (Vol. 19, pp. 189-239). Greenwich, CT.: JAI Press.

Group Composition

Kanter, R. M. (1977). Some effects of proportions on group life: Skewed sex ratios and

           responses to token women.  American Journal of Sociology,

82, 965-990.

Lau, D. C., & Murnighan, J. K. (1998). Demographic diversity and faultlines: The compositionaldynamics of organizational groups. Academy of Management Review, 23, 325-340.

McPherson, J. M., & Rotolo, T. (1996). Testing a dynamic model of social composition:

Diversity and change in voluntary groups. American Sociological Review, 61, 179-202.

Moreland, R. L., & Levine, J. M. (2001). Socialization in work groups and organizations. In M.Turner (Ed.), Groups at work: Theory and research (pp. 69-112). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Moreland, R. L., & Levine, J. M. (2003). Group composition: Explaining similarities and differences among group members. In M. A. Hogg J. Cooper (Eds.), Sage handbook of social psychology (pp. 367-380). London: Sage.

Group Structure

Beal, D. J., Cohen, R. R., Burke, M. J., & McLendon, C. L. (2003). Cohesion and performance in groups: A meta-analytic clarification of construct relations. Journal of AppliedPsychology, 88, 989-1004.

Edmondson, A. (1999). Psychological safety and learning behavior in work teams.

Administrative Science Quarterly, 44, 350-383.

Gersick, C. J. G., & Hackman, J. R. (1990). Habitual routines in task-performing groups. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 47, 65-97.

Kameda, T., Takezawa, M., & Hastie, R. (2003). The logic of social sharing: An evolutionarygame analysis of adaptive norm development. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 7, 2-19.

Kelly, J. R., & Barsade, S. G. (2001). Mood and emotions in small groups and work teams. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 86, 99-130.

Miller, C. E. (1989). The social psychological effects of group decision rules. In P. B. Paulus (Ed.), Psychology of group influence (2nd ed., pp. 327-355). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Owens, D. A., & Sutton, R. I. (2001). Status contests in meetings: Negotiating the informal order. In M. Turner (Ed.), Groups at work: Theory and research (pp. 299-316). Mahwah,NJ: Erlbaum.

Ridgeway, C. L. (2001). Social status and group structure. In M. A. Hogg & R. S. Tindale(Eds.), Blackwell handbook of social psychology: Group processes (pp. 352-375). Oxford,UK: Blackwell Publishers.

Smith, E., Murphy, J., & Coats, S. (1999). Attachment to groups: Theory and management.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 77, 94-110.

Group Dynamics

Conformity and Deviance

Keltner, D., Gruenfeld, D. H., & Anderson, C. (2003). Power, approach, and inhibition.

Psychological Review, 110, 265-284.

Levine, J. M., & Kaarbo, J. (2001). Minority influence in political decision-making groups. InC. K. W. De Dreu and N. K. De Vries (Eds.), Group consensus and minority influence: Implications for innovation (pp. 229-257). Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishers.

Abrams, D., Marques, J. M., De Moura, G. R., Hutchison, P., & Bown, N. J. (2004). The maintenance of entitativity: A subjective group dynamics approach. In V. Yzerbet, C. M. Judd, & O. Corneille (Eds.), The psychology of group perception: Perceived variability, entitativity, and essentialism (pp. 361-379). New York: Psychology Press.

Martin, R., & Hewstone, M. (2001). Conformity and independence in groups: Majorities and minorities. In M. A. Hogg & R. S. Tindale (Eds.), Blackwell handbook of social psychology: Group processes (pp. 209-234). Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers.

Williams, K., & Zadro, L. (2001). Ostracism: On being ignored, excluded, and rejected. In M.Leary (Ed.), Interpersonal rejection (pp. 21-53). New York: Oxford University Press.

Leadership

Eagly, A. H., Johannesen-Schmidt, M. C., & van Engen, M. L. (2003). Transformational,

transactional, and laissez-faire leadership styles: A meta-analysis comparing women and

men. Psychological Bulletin, 129, 569-591.

Hogg, M. A., & van Knippenberg, D. (2003). Social identity and leadership processes in groups. In M. Zanna (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol. 35, pp. 1-52). NewYork: Elsevier Science.

Meindl, J. R., Ehrlich, S. B., & Dukerich, J. M. (1985). The romance of leadership.

Administrative Science Quarterly, 30, 78-102.

Pfeffer, J. (1981). Management as symbolic action: The creation and maintenance of

organizational paradigms. In L. L. Cummings & B. M. Staw (Eds.), Research in

organizational behavior (Vol. 3, pp. 1-52). Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.

Zaccaro, S. J., Foti, R. J., & Kenny, D. A. (1991). Self-monitoring and trait-based variance in leadership: An investigation of leader flexibility across multiple situations. Journal ofApplied Psychology, 76, 308-315.

Cooperation and Competition

De Dreu, C. K. W., & Weingart, L. R. (2003). Task versus relationship conflict, team

performance, and team member satisfaction: A meta-analysis. Journal of AppliedPsychology, 88, 741-749.

Levine, J. M., & Thompson, L. (1996). Conflict in groups. In E. T. Higgins & A. W. Kruglanski(Eds.), Social psychology: Handbook of basic principles (pp. 745-776). New York:Guilford. [Read pages 757-768]

Miller, C. E., & Komorita, S. S. (1986). Coalition formation in organizations: What laboratory studies do and do not tell us. In R. J. Lewicki, M. H. Bazerman, & B. Sheppard (Eds.), Research on negotiation in organizations (Vol. 1, pp. 117-137). Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.

Schroeder, D. A., Steel, J. E., Woodell, A. J., & Bembenek, A. F. (2003). Justice within social dilemmas. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 7, 374-387.

Tyler, T. R., & Blader, S. L. (2003). The group engagement model: Procedural justice, social identity, and cooperative behavior. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 7, 349-361.

Group Performance

Productivity

Gully, S. M., Incalcaterra, K. A., Joshi, A., & Beaubien, J. M. (2002). A meta-analysis of team-efficacy, potency, and performance: Interdependence and level of analysis as moderators of observed relationships. Journal of Applied Psychology, 87, 819-832.

Hackman, J. R. (1998). Why teams don’t work. In R. S. Tindale and Associates (Eds.), Theory and research in small groups (pp. 245-267). New York: Plenum Press.

Leary, M. R., & Forsyth, D. R. (1987). Attributions of responsibility for collective endeavors. In C. Hendrick (Ed.), Review of personality and social psychology (Vol. 8, pp. 167-188). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Levine, J. M., Choi, H-S., & Moreland, R. L. (2003). Newcomer innovation in work teams. In P. B. Paulus & B. Nijstad (Eds.), Group creativity: Innovation through collaboration (pp. 202-224). New York: Oxford University Press.

Levine, J. M., & Moreland, R. L. (1987). Social comparison and outcome evaluation in group contexts. In J. C. Masters & W. P. Smith (Eds.), Social comparison, social justice, and relative deprivation: Theoretical, empirical, and policy perspectives (pp. 105-127).

Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Lindsley, D. H., Brass, D. J., & Thomas, J. B. (1995). Efficacy-performance spirals: A multi-level perspective. Academy of Management Review, 20, 645-678.

Robinson, S., & Weldon, E. (1993). Feedback seeking in groups: A theoretical perspective.British Journal of Social Psychology, 32, 71-86.

Weldon, E., & Weingart, L. (1993). Group goals and group performance. British Journal of Social Psychology, 32, 307-334.

Williams, K.D., Harkins, S.G., & Karau, S.J. (2003). Social performance. In M. A. Hogg & J.Cooper (Eds.), The Sage handbook of social psychology (pp. 327-346). London: Sage.

Wittenbaum, G. M., Vaughan, S. I., & Stasser, G. (1998). Coordination in task-performing groups. In R. S. Tindale and Associates (Eds.), Theory and research in small groups (pp. 177-204). New York: Plenum Press.

Decision Making

Brauer, M., & Judd, C. M. (1996). Group polarization and repeated attitude expressions: Anew take on an old topic. In W. Stroebe & M. Hewstone (Eds.), European review of

social psychology (Vol. 7, pp. 173-207). Chichester, England: John Wiley.

Drummond, H. (1994). Too little, too late: A case study of escalation in decision making. Organization Studies, 15, 591-607.

Esser, J. K. (1998). Alive and well after 25 years: A review of groupthink research.

Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 73, 116-141.

Laughlin, P. R. (1999). Collective induction: Twelve postulates. Organizational Behavior andHuman Decision Processes, 80, 50-69.

Moreland, R. L., & Levine, J. M. (1992). Problem identification by groups. In S. Worchel, W. Wood, & J. Simpson (Eds.), Group process and productivity (pp. 17-47). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Nijstad, B. A., Stroebe, W., & Lodewijkx (2002). Cognitive stimulation and interference in groups: Exposure effects in an idea generation task. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 38, 535-544.

Paulus, P. B., & Brown, V. R. (2003) Enhancing ideational creativity in groups: Lessons fromresearch on brainstorming. In P. Paulus & B. Nijstad (Eds.), Group creativity (pp.110-136). New York: Oxford University Press.

Sargis, E. G., & Larson, J. R. (2002). Informational centrality and member participation during group decision making. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 5, 333-347.

Tindale, R.S., Kameda, T., & Hinsz, V.B. (2003). Group decision making. In M.A. Hogg & J.Cooper (Eds.), Sage handbook of social psychology (pp. 381-403). London: Sage.

Wittenbaum, G. M., & Stasser, G. (1996). Management of information in small groups. In J. L. Nye & A. M. Brower (Eds.), What’s social about social cognition? Social cognition research in small groups (pp. 3-28). Thousand Oaks, CA.: Sage.

Socially Shared Cognition

Bangerter, A. (2002). Maintaining interpersonal continuity in groups: The role of collective memory processes in redistributing information. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 5, 203-219,

Levine, J. M., & Higgins, E. T. (2001). Shared reality and social influence in groups and

organizations. In F. Butera & G. Mugny (Eds.), Social influence in shared reality (pp. 33-52). Bern, Switzerland: Hogrefe & Huber.

Mathieu, J. E., Heffner, T. S., Goodwin, G. F., Salas, E., & Cannon-Bowers, J. A. (2000). The influence of shared mental models on team process and performance. Journal of AppliedPsychology, 85, 273-283.

Moreland, R. L. (1999). Transactive memory: Learning who knows what in work groups and organizations. In L. L. Thompson, J. M. Levine, & D. M. Messick (Eds.), Sharedcognition inorganizations: The management of knowledge (pp. 3-31). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Weick, K. E., & Roberts, K. H. (1993). Collective minds in organizations: Heedful interrelating on flight decks. Administrative Science Quarterly, 38, 357-381.

The Ecology of Small Groups

Ancona, D. G., & Caldwell, D. F. (1992). Bridging the boundary: External activity and performance in organizational teams. Administrative Science Quarterly, 37, 634-665.

Arrow, H., Poole, M. S., Henry, K. B., Wheelan, S., & Moreland, R. L. (2003). Time, change,and development: The temporal perspective on groups. Small Group Research, 35, 1-33.

Cohen, D., & Nisbett, R. E. (1997). Field experiments examining the culture of honor: The role of institutions in perpetuating norms about violence. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 23, 1188-1199.

Driskell, J. E., Radtke, P. H., & Salas, E. (2003). Virtual teams: Effects of technological

mediation on team performance. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice, 7,

297-323.

Turner, M., & Horvitz, T. (2001). The dilemma of threat: Group effectiveness and ineffectiveness under adversity. In M. Turner (Ed.) Groups at work: Theory and research.(pp. 445-470). Mahwah, N.J.: Erlbaum.

Intergroup Relations

Ashforth, B. E., & Johnson, S. A. (2001). Which hat to wear? The relative salience of multiple identities in organizational contexts. In M. A. Hogg & D. J. Terry (Eds.), Social identity processes in organizational contexts (pp. 31-48). Philadelphia, PA: Psychology Press.

Gaertner, L., Sedikides, C., Vevea, J. L., & Iuzzini, J. (2002). The “I,” the “We,” and the “When”:A meta-analysis of motivational primacy in self-definition. Journal of Personality and SocialPsychology, 83, 574-591.

Gaertner, S. L., Dovidio, J. F., Nier, J. A., Banker, B. S., Ward, C. M., Houlette, M.., & Loux, S.(2000). The Common Ingroup Identity Model for reducing intergroup bias: Progress and challenges. In D. Capozza & R. Brown (Eds.), Social identity processes: Trends in theory and research (pp. 133-148). London, England: Sage.

Hogg, M. A. (2001). Social categorization, depersonalization, and group behavior. In M. A.Hogg & R. S. Tindale (Eds.), Blackwell handbook of social psychology: Group processes(pp. 56-85). Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishers.

Levine, J. M., Moreland, R. L., & Ryan, C. S. (1998). Group socialization and intergroup

relations. In C. Sedikides, J. Schopler, & C. A. Insko (Eds.), Intergroup cognition and

intergroup behavior (pp. 283-308). Mahwah, N.J.: Erlbaum.

Leyens, J. P., Cortes, B., Demoulin, S., Dovidio, J. F., Fiske, S. T., Gaunt, R., Paladino, M-P.,

Rodriguez-Perez, A., Rodriguez-Torres, R., & Vaes, J. (2003). Emotional prejudice,

essentialism, and nationalism. European Journal of Social Psychology, 33, 703-717.

Schaller, M., Park, J. H., & Faulkner, J. (2003). Prehistoric dangers and contemporary

prejudices. In W. Stroebe & M. Hewstone (Eds.), European review of social psychology

Vol. 14, pp. 105-137). Chichester, England: John Wiley.

Wilder, D. A. (1986). Social categorization: Implications for creation and reduction of intergroup bias. In L. Berkowitz (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol. 19, pp. 291-355). Orlando, FL: Academic Press.

Wildschut, T., Pinter, B., Vevea, J. L., Insko, C. A., & Schopler, C. A. (2003). Beyond the group mind: A quantitative review of the interindividual-intergroup discontinuity effect. Psychological Bulletin, 129, 698-722.

Wright, S. C., Aron, A., McLaughlin-Volpe, T., & Ropp, S. A. (1997). The extended contact effect: Knowledge of cross-group friendships and prejudice. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 73, 73-90.

Overview

McGrath (1984), chapters 4 & 5

Berdahl & Henry (2005)

Levine & Moreland (1998)

Kerr & Tindale (2005)

Hoyle (2005)

Hogg (2005)

Matz & Wood (2005)

Introduction to Normative Models

Stasser & Dietz-Uhler (2001)

Handout: Steiner’s (1972) baseline models and the issue of process gain

Influence Processes

Wood (1999)

Holzhausen & McGlynn (2001)

Laughlin et al. (2002)

Heath & Gonzales (1995)

Kaplan & Martin (1999)

Ohtsubo & Masuchi (2004)

Minority Influence

Wood et al. (1994)

Clark (1999)

Crano & Chen (1998)

Latané & Bourgeois (2001)

Kameda et al. (1997)

Social Combination Processes

Stasser (1999)

Levine (1999)

McGlynn (1991)

Laughlin & Ellis (1986)

Laughlin (1999)

Ohtsubo et al. (2002)

Hastie & Kameda (2005)

Shared Representations

Tindale et al. (2001)

Mohammed & Ringseis (2001)

Hastie & Pennington (1991)

Baron (2005)

Information Pooling

Wittenbaum & Stasser (1996)

Van Swol et al. (2003)

Wittenbaum & Bowman (2004)

Fraidin (2004)

Parks & Cowlin (1996)

Augustinova et al. (2005)

Coordination

Wittenbaum et al. (1998)

Stasser et al. (2000)

Larson et al. (1998)

Cooke et al. (2003)

Choi & Levine (2004)

Kane et al. (2005)

Resource Matching

Littlepage et al. (1997)

Hollingshead (2000)

Moreland & Myaskovsky (2000)

Bonner et al. (2002)

Bonner (2004)

Bauman & Bonner (2004)

Stimulation

McGlynn et al. (2004)

Nijstad et al (2002)

Paulus & Yang (2000)

Motivation

Karau & Williams (2001)

Smith et al. (2001)

Messé et al. (2002)

Error Correction

Shaw (1932)

Laughlin et al. (1991)

Kerr et al. (1999)

Gender

Wood (1987)

Hollingshead & Fraidin (2003)

Jehn & Shah (1997)

Time

McGrath & Altermatt (2001)

Kelly et al. (1997)

Kelly & Loving (2004) Groups and Technology

Hollingshead (2001)

Baltes et al. (2002)

Alge et al. (2003)

Week Two: Overview of the Field and Methods

Cohen, S. G., & Bailey, D. E. 1997. What makes teams work: Group effectiveness from the shop floor to the executive suite. Journal of Management, 23(3): 239-290.

Hackman, J. R. 2003. Learning more by crossing levels: Evidence from airplanes, hospitals, and orchestras. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 24: 905-922.

Kerr, N. L., Aronoff, J., & Messe, L. A. 2000. Methods of small group research. In H. T. Reis & C. M. Judd (Eds.), Handbook of research methods in social and personality psychology, 160-189. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Levine, J. M., & Moreland, R. L. 1998. Small groups. In D. T. Gilbert, S. T. Fiske, & G. Lindzey (Eds.), Handbook of social psychology, 4th ed., 415-469. New York: McGraw- Hill.

McGrath, J. E. 1997. Small group research, that once and future field: An interpretation of the past with an eye to the future. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice, 1(1): 7-27.

Weingart, L. R. 1997. How did they do that? The ways and means of studying group process. In B. M. Staw & L. L. Cummings (Eds.), Research in organizational behavior, vol. 19: 189-239. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press. (On Order)

Optional

Forsyth, D. R., & Burnette, J. L. The history of group research. In S. Wheelan (Ed.), The handbook of group research an practice, 3-18. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Sundstrom, E., McIntyre, M., Halfhill, T., & Richards, H. 2000. Work groups: From the Hawthorne studies to work teams of the 1990s and beyond. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice, 4: 44-67.

McGrath, J.E. (1984). Groups: Interaction and performance. Chapters 1-3. London: Prentice-Hall

Week Three: Group Influence on the Individual

Ashforth, B. E., & Mael, F. Social identity theory and the organization. Academy of Management Review, 14(1): 20-39.

Ashmore, R. D., Deaux, K., & McLaughlin-Volpe, T. 2004. An organizing framework for collective identity: Articulation and significance of multidimensionality. Psychological Bulletin, 130(1): 80-114.

Clair, J. A., Beatty, J. E., & MacLean, T. L. 2005 Out of sight but not out of mind: Managing invisible social identities in the workplace. <’“http://web11.epnet.com/authHjafDetail.asp?tb=1&_ug=sid+9EB5D987%2DD34E%2D4B4F%2D868B%2DCEE45AA9B10C%40sessionmgr4+fic+10+dbs+vfh+cp+1+832F&_us=hd+False+hs+False+or+Date+ss+SO+sm+KS+sl+%2D1+ri+KAAACBTB00042838+dstb+KS+mh+1+frn+1+436F&_usd=0000&_uso=tg%5B>Academy of Management Review, 30(1): 78-95.

Rowley, T. I.., & Moldoveanu, M. 2003. When will stakeholder groups act? An interest- and identity-based model of stakeholder group mobilization. Academy of Management Review, 28(2): 204-219.

Van Vugt, M., & Hart, C. M. 2004. Social identity as social glue: The origins of group loyalty. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 86(4): 585-598.

Optional

Howard, J. A. 2000. Social psychology of identities. Annual Review of Sociology, 26: 367-393.

Week Four: Group Formation, Norms, Conformity, and Stages of Development

Cialdini, R., & Trost, M. R. Social influence: Social norms, conformity, and compliance. In D. T. Gilbert, S. T. Fiske, & G. Lindzey (Eds.), Handbook of social psychology, vol. 2: 151-192. Boston: McGraw-Hill Companies.

Gersick, C. J., & Hackman, J. R. 1990. Habitual routines in task-performing groups. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 47: 65-97.

Kelly, J. R., & Barsade, S. G. 2001. Mood and emotions in small groups and work teams. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 86(1): 99-130.

Moreland, R. L., & Levine, J. M. 1982. Socializations in small groups: Temporal changes in individual-group relations. In L. Berkowitz (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology, vol. 15: 137-192. New York, NY: Academic Press, Inc.

Optional

Feldman, D. C. 1984. The development and enforcement of group norms. Academy of Management Review, 9(1): 47-53.

Week Five: Team Composition

Barrick, M. R., Stewart, G L., Neubert, M. J., & Mount, M. K. 1998. Relating member ability and personality to work-team processes and team effectiveness. Journal of Applied Psychology, 83(3): 377-391.

Deaux, K., & Lafrance, M. 1998. Gender. In D. T. Gilbert, S. T. Fiske, & G. Lindzey (Eds.), Handbook of social psychology, vol. 1: 788-827. Boston: McGraw-Hill.

Jackson, S. E. 1992. Team composition in organizational settings: Issues in managing an increasingly diverse work force. In S. Worchel, W. Wood, & J. Simpson (Eds.), Group processes and productivity, 138-173. London: Sage Publications.

Moreland, R. L., & Levine, J. M. 2003. Group composition: Explaining similarities and differences among group members. In M. A. Hogg & J. Cooper (Eds.), Sage handbook of social psychology, 367-380. Sage Publications.

Vandello, J. A., & Cohen, D. 1999. Patterns of individualism and collectivism across the United States. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 77(2): 279-292.

Optional

Harrison, D. A., Price, K. H., Gavin, J. H., & Florey, A. T. 2002. Time, teams, and task performance: Changing effects of surface- and deep-level diversity on group functioning. Academy of Management Journal, 45(3): 1029-1045.

Lau, D. C., & Murnighan, J. K. 1998. Demographic diversity and faultlines: The compositional dynamics of organizational groups. Academy of Management Review, 23(2): 325-340.

Week Six: Motivation in Teams

Ellemers, N., De Gilder, D., & Haslam, S. A. 2004. <’“http://web11.epnet.com/citation.asp?tb=1&_ug=sid+9EB5D987%2DD34E%2D4B4F%2D868B%2DCEE45AA9B10C%40sessionmgr4+dbs+vfh+cp+1+B73F&_us=frn+1+hd+False+hs+False+or+Date+ss+SO+sm+KS+sl+%2D1+dstb+KS+mh+1+ri+KAAACBTB00047272+2C33&_usd=0000&_uso=tg%5B0+%2D+db%5B0+>Motivating individuals and groups at work: A social identity perspective on leadership and group performance. Academy of Management Review, 29(3): 459-478.

Forsyth, D. R., Zyzniewski, L. E., & Giammanco, C. A. 2002. Responsibility diffusion in cooperative collectives. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 28(1): 54-65.

Hertel, G., Kerr, N. L., & Messé, L. A. 2000. Motivation gains in performance groups: Paradigmatic and theoretical developments on the Köhler effect. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 79(4): 580-601.

Karau, S. J., & Williams, K. D. 1993. Social loafing: A meta-analytic review and theoretical integration. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65(4): 681-706.

Price, K. H., Harrison, D. A., & Gavin, J. H. In press. Withholding inputs in team contexts: Member composition, interaction processes, evaluation structure and social loafing. Journal of Applied Psychology.

Optional

Huguet, P., Charbonnier, E., & Monteil, J.-M. 1999. Productivity loss in performance groups: People who see themselves as average do not engage in social loafing. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice, 3(21): 118-131.

Week Seven: Intra-Group Dynamics: Coordination, Mental Models, and Time Effects

Arrow, H., McGrath, J. E., & Berdahl, J. L. 2000. Local dynamics: Coordinating members, tasks, and tools. Small groups as complex systems, 89-130. Sage Publications.

Karau, S. J., & Kelly, J. R. Time pressure and team performance: An attentional focus integration. In S. Blount (Ed.), Research on managing groups and teams, vol. 6: 185-212. Elsevier Ltd.

Klimoski, R., & Mohammed, S. 1994. Team mental model: Construct or metaphor? Journal of Management, 20(2): 403-437.

Mullen, B., & Copper, C. 1994. The relation between group cohesiveness and performance: An integration. Psychological Bulletin, 115(2): 210-227.

Wittenbaum, G. M., Vaughan, S. I., & Stasser, G. 1998. Coordination in task-performing groups. In R. S.Tindale et al. (Eds.), Theory and research on small groups, 177-204.

Optional

Beal, D. J., Cohen, R. R., Burke, M. J., & McLendon, C. L. 2003. Cohesion and performance in groups: A meta-analytic clarification of construct relations. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88(6): 989-1004.

Edmondson, A. 1999. Psychological safety and learning behavior in work teams. Administrative Science Quarterly, 44: 350-383.

Johnson, D. W., & Johnson, R. T. 1998. Cooperative learning and social interdependence theory. In R. S. Tindale et al. (Eds.), Theory and research on small groups, 9-35.

Kane, A. A., Argote, L., & Levine, J. M. 2005. Knowledge transfer between groups via personnel rotation: Effects of social identity and knowledge quality. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 96: 56-71.

Mathieu, J. E., Heffner, T. S., Goodwin, G. F., Salas, E., & Cannon-Bowers, J. A. 2000. The influence of shared mental models on team process and performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 85: 273-283.

Week Ten: Group Performance, Decision Making, and What Goes Wrong

Baron, S. R. 2005. So right it’s wrong: Groupthink and the ubiquitous nature of polarized group decision making. In M. Zanna (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology, vol. 37: 219-253. Elsevier Inc.

Drummond, H. 1994. Too little too late: A case study of escalation in decision making. Organization Studies, 15(4): 591-607.

Hackman, J. R. 1987. The design of work teams. In J. W. Lorsch (Ed.), The handbook of organizational behavior, 315-342. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall.

Hinsz, V. B., Tindale, R. S., & Vollrath, D. A. 1997. The emerging conceptualization of groups as information processors. Psychological Bulletin, 121(1): 43-64.

Kerr, N. L., & Tindale, R. S. 2004. Group performance and decision making. Annual Review of Psychology, 55: 623-655.

Optional

Aiello, J. R., & Douthitt, E. A. 2001. Social facilitation from Triplett to electronic performance monitoring. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice, 5(3): 163-180.

Esser, J. K. 1998. Alive and well after 25 years: A review of groupthink research. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 73(2/3): 116-141.

Laughlin, P. R. 1999. Collective induction: Twelve postulates. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 80(1): 50-69.

Laughlin, P. R., Bonner, B. L., & Miner, A. G. 2002. Groups perform better than the best individuals on Letters-to-Numbers problems. Organizational Behavior and Human Decisions Processes, 88: 605-620.

Stasser, G., Vaughan, S. I., & Stewart, D. D. 2000. Pooling unshared information: The benefits of knowing how access to information is distributed among group members. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 82(1): 102-116.

Steiner, I.V. (1972) Group process and productivity. Chapters 2-3. London: Academic Press

Week Eleven: Improving Team Decision Making

De Dreu, C. K. W., & Weingart, L. R. 2003. Task versus relationship conflict, team performance, and team member satisfaction: A meta-analysis. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88(4): 741-749.

Delbecq, A. L., Van de Ven, A. H., Gustafson, D. H. 1975. Chapters 2 and 3. In Group techniques for program planning: A guide to nominal and delphi processes. Glenview: Scott, Foresman and Company.

Nemeth, C. J. Minority dissent as a stimulant to group performance. In S. Worchel, W. Wood, & J. Simpson (Eds.), Group processes and productivity. London: Sage Publications.

Paulus, P. B., & Brown, V. R. 2003. Enhancing ideational creativity in groups: Lessons from research on brainstorming. In P. B. Paulus & B.A. Nijstad (Eds.), Group creativity: Innovation through collababoration. Oxford: University Press.

Schweiger, D. M., Sandberg, W. R., & Ragan, J. W. 1986. Group approaches for improving strategic decision making: A comparative analysis of dialectical inquiry, devil’s advocacy, and consensus. Academy of Management Journal, 29(1): 51-71.

Optional

Bassili, J. 2003. The minority slowness effect: Subtle inhibitions in the expression of views not shared by others. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84(2): 261-276.

Jehn, K. A., & Mannix, E. A. 2001. The dynamic nature of conflict: A longitudinal study of intragroup conflict and group performance. Academy of Management Journal, 44(2): 238-251.

Week Twelve: Team Conflict and Cooperation

Cremer, D. D., & Tyler, T. R. 2005. Managing group behavior: The interplay between procedural justice, sense of self, and cooperation. In P. M. Zanna (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology, vol. 37: 151-218. San Diego, Elsevier Academic Press.

Gaertner, S. L., Dovidio, J. F., Banker, B. S., Houlette, M., Johnson, K. M., & McGlynn, E. A. 2000. Reducing intergroup conflict: From superordinate goals to decategorization, recategorization, and mutual differentiation. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice, 4(1): 98-114.

Levine, J. M., & Thompson, L. 1996. Conflict in groups. In E. T. Higgins, & A. W. Kruglanski (Eds.), Social psychology: Handbook of basic principles, 745-776. New York: The Guilford Press.

Price, K. H, Lavelle, J. J., Henley, A. H., Cocchiara, F. K., & Buchanan, F. R. In press. Judging the fairness of voice-based participation across multiple and interrelated stages of decision making. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes.

Worchel, S. 2003. Come one, come all: Toward understanding the process of collective behavior. In M. A. Hogg & J. Cooper (Eds.), Sage handbook of social psychology, 477-493. Sage Publications.

Optional

Folger, R., & Kass, E. E. 2000. Social comparison and fairness: A counterfactual simulations perspective. In J. Suls & L. Wheeler (Eds.), Handbook of social comparison: Theory and research, 423-441. New York, NY: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.

Keltner, D., Gruenfeld, D. H., & Anderson, C. 2003. Power, approach, and inhibition. Psychological Review, 110: 265-284.

Pearce, J. L., Stevenson, W. B., & Porter, L. W. 1986. Coalitions in the organizational context. In R. J.Lewicki, B. H. Sheppard, & M. H. Bazerman (Eds.), Research on negotiation in organizations, vol. 1: 97-115. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press, Inc.

Pettigrew, T. F. 1998. Intergroup contact theory. Annual Review of Psychology, 49: 65-85.

Week Thirteen: Teams and Technology: Virtual Teams

Driskell, J. E., Radtke, P. H., & Salas, E. 2003. Virtual teams: Effects of technological mediation on team performance. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice, 7(4): 297-323.

McGrath, J. E., & Hollingstead, A. B. 1994. Ideas: Major conceptual formulations about the effects of electronic technology in work groups. In Groups Interacting with Technology. London: Sage.

Valacich, J. S., & Schwenk, C. 1995. Devil’s advocacy and dialectical inquiry effects on face-to-face and computer-mediated group decision making. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 63(2): 158-173.

Wilson, J. M., Straus, S. G., & McEvily, B. 2006. All in due time: The development of trust in computer-mediated and face-to-face teams. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 99: 16-33.

Dr. Kenneth H. Price Professor of Management and Organizational Behavior Department of Management and Organizational Behavior University of Texas at Arlington Arlington, Texas 76013 Phone:817-272-3863 E-Mail:price@uta.edu

 
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