Self Efficacy


Self-efficacy refers to a person’s belief in his/her capacity to be successful in performing particular actions or behaviours. For example, a person may have a low car driving self-efficacy because he/she believes that he/she has poor car driving skills and isn’t capable of handling difficult driving conditions.

Personal Change Self-Efficacy

Magura, S., Vogel, H. S., Mahmood, D., Laudet, A. B., Rosenblum, A., & Knight, E. L. (2003). Mediators of effectiveness in dual-focus self-help groups. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 29, 301-323.

  • Recovery Self-Efficacy was measured by eight items adapted from the Internal items of the Health Locus of Control scale (79), (e.g., if I work the program and take care of myself I can get better; I am directly responsible for my recovery). The index score is the mean of the eight items, coded as 1 = strongly disagree/4 = strongly agree (alpha = 0.85).

Bandura, A. (1997). The anatomy of stages of change. American Journal of Health Promotion, 12, 8-10.

Bandura, A. (1998, August). Exercise of agency in accenting the positive. Invited address delivered at the meeting of the American Psychological Association, San Francisco.

Bandura, A. (1998). Exercise of agency in personal and social change. In E. Sanavio (Ed.), Behavior and cognitive therapy today: Essays in honor of Hans J. Eysenck. (pp. 1-29). Oxford: Anonima Romana.

Bandura, A. (1998). Exploration of fortuitous determinants of life paths, Psychological Inquiry, 9, 95-99.

Bandura, A. (1998). Personal and collective efficacy in human adaptation and change. In J. G. Adair, D. Belanger, & K. L. Dion (Eds.), Advances in psychological science: Vol. 1. Personal, social and cultural aspects (pp. 51-71). Hove, UK: Psychology Press.

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Generalised vs. Specific Self-Efficacy

Bandura (’father of self-efficacy’) strongly encourages people to measure specific self-efficacies which pertain to the nature of an intervention. Bandura would rather see researchers develop their own specific self-efficacy measures for their specific situations than default to using generalised measures of self-efficacy. At least that’s my reading of self-efficacy theory and the general strategy I follow in program evaluation/research with outdoor education these days.


self_efficacy.txt · Last modified: 2007/05/27 05:25 by jtneill
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