See also Altruism and Social engagement


Volunteer Functions Inventory

About the Instrument

Clary, E.G., Snyder, M. (1999). The motivations to volunteer: Theoretical and practical considerations. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 8(5), 156. doi:10.1111/1467-8721.00037

Clary, E.G., Snyder, M., Ridge, R.D., Copeland, J., Stukas, A.A., Haugen, J., Miene, J. (1998). Understanding and assessing the motivations of volunteers: A functional approach. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74, 1516-1530.

Clary, E. G. & Snyder, M. (2002). Community involvement: Opportunities and challenges in socializing adults to participate in society. Journal of Social Issues, 58, 581-591. doi: 10.1111/ 1540-4560.00277

Clary, E. G., Snyder, M., Ridge, R. D., Miene, P., & Haugen, J. (1994). Matching messages to motives in persuasion: A functional approach to promoting volunteerism. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 24, 1129-1149.

Snyder, M., Clary, E. G., & Stukas, A. A. (2000). The functional approach to volunteerism. In Maio & Olson (Eds.), Why we evaluate: Functions of attitudes (pp. 365-393). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Studies using the VFI

Godwin, D. R. (2001). Functional motivations: Recruiting college students to perform community service (summary). Unpublished dissertation, Widener University, Chester, PA.

Omoto, A.M., & Snyder, M. (1995). Sustained helping without obligation: Motivation, longevity of service, and perceived attitude change among AIDS volunteers. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 68, 671-686.

Schrock, D.S., Meyer, M., Ascher, P., & Snyder, M. (2000). Benefits and values of the master gardener program. Journal of Extension, 38.

Schmiesing, R., Soder, J., & Russell, S. (2005). What motivates volunteers to serve in a youth literacy program?. Journal of Extension Studies, 43(6).

Worth, K. A., Snyder, M., & Clary, E. G. (2005, January). New approaches to investigating the matching of motives to experiences in the volunteer process. Presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, New Orleans, LA.


Brady, H., Schlozman, K. L., & Verba, S. (1999). Prospecting for participants: Rational expectations and the recruitment of political activists. American Political Science Review, 93, 153-169.

Cox, E. (2000). The ‘light and dark’ of volunteering. In J. Warburton & M. Oppenheimer (Eds.), Volunteers and volunteering (pp. 140-149). Sydney: Federation Press.

Gouldner, A. W. (1960). The norm of reciprocity: A preliminary statement. American Sociological Review, 25, 161-178.

Katz, D. (1960). The functional approach to the study of attitudes. Public Opinion Quarterly, 24, 163-204.

Lyons, M., & Fabiansson, C. (1998). Is volunteering declining in Australia? Australian Journal on Volunteering, 3(2), 15-21.

Medaugh, B. (1999). Volunteer evaluations–from a volunteers perspective. Journal of Volunteer Administration, Winter, 6-10.

Omoto, A. M., & Malsch, A. M. (2005). Psychological sense of community: Conceptual issues and connections to volunteerism-related activism. In A. M. Omoto (Ed.), Processes of community change and social action (pp. 83-103). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Omoto, A. M., & Snyder, M. (1995). Sustained helping without obligation: Motivation, longevity of service, and perceived attitude change among AIDS volunteers. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 68, 671-686.

Omoto, A. M., & Snyder, M. (2002). Considerations of community: The context and process of volunteerism. American Behavioral Scientist, 45, 846-867.

Onyx, J., & Leonard, R. (2000). Women, volunteering and social capital. In J. Warburton & M. Oppenheimer (Eds.), Volunteers and volunteering (pp. 113-124). Sydney: Federation Press.

Popielarz, P.A., & McPherson, J.M. (1995). On the edge or in between: Niche position, niche overlap, and the duration of voluntary association memberships. American Journal of Sociology, 101, 698-720.

Stukas, A. A., Daly, M., & Cowling, M. J. (2005). Volunteerism and social capital: A functional approach. Australian Journal on Volunteering, 10(2), 35 -44

Tschirhart, M., Mesch, D. J., Perry, J. L., Miller, T. K., & Lee, G. (2001). Stipended volunteers: Their goals, experiences, satisfaction, and likelihood of future service. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 30, 422-443.

Wieselquist, J., Rusbult, C. E., Foster, C. A., & Agnew, C. R. (1999). Commitment, pro-relationship behavior and trust in close relationships. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 77, 942-966.

Wikipedia. Volunteer.

Wikipedia. Volunteerism.

volunteering.txt · Last modified: 2007/03/25 07:59 by jtneill
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