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Outdoor education theory

Systems Framework for Outdoor Education

James Neill
Last updated:
31 May 2004


A systems framework for outdoor education

I have proposed that the various theoretical elements involved in outdoor education programs can be usefully conceptualized within an interactive systems framework which consists of seven domains:

  • individual
  • group
  • instructor
  • program
  • environment
  • activity/task
  • culture

For a more in-depth description of this model, see A Systems Framework for Outdoor Education Theory.