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Life Effectiveness

Review of Personal Effectiveness
 with Locus of Control

James Neill
Last updated:
08 Aug 2009

Review of Personal Effectiveness with Locus of Control (ROPELOC)

The Life Effectiveness Questionnaire (LEQ) has continued to undergo development.  Garry Richards has led the way again by recently designing a new version, called the Review of Personal Effectiveness with Locus of Control (ROPELOC), which includes several new scales and several reworked scales from the LEQ. Psychometric testing of the ROPELOC has been completed (Richards, Ellis, & Neill, 2002).

The ROPELOC instrument measures key psychological and behavioural domains that constitute “life effectiveness”. It is specifically designed to be sensitive to the effects of experience-based intervention programs.

The ROPELOC instrument contains 14 scales; including personal abilities and beliefs (Self-Confidence, Self-Efficacy, Stress Management, Open Thinking), social abilities (Social Effectiveness, Cooperative Teamwork, Leadership Ability), organisational skills (Time Management, Quality Seeking, Coping with Change) an “energy” scale called Active Involvement and a measure of overall effectiveness in all aspects of life.

The two Locus of Control scales measure the person’s tendency to take responsibility for his/her actions and successes or to see external controls determining actions. The LOC is an optional part of the ROPE system but is usually used, as it is a very useful indicator of likely behaviour even though it is not behaviourally based, as are the other scales of the ROPE. The instrument consists of 3 items per scale, all of which are rated on a scale of “1-False, Not like me” to “8-True, Like me”.

The ROPELOC has good internal consistency estimates (Cronbach’s alpha), ranging from .79 to .93, and a well-defined factor structure as shown with exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. Factor structure and reliabilities are consistent over age and gender.

Conditions of Use for the ROPELOC

  1. This instrument is to be used as presented with the instructions as printed unless approval to vary the instrument or instructions has been granted by the authors. If approval is granted to modify, then the name of the new instrument should be changed and the original source should be acknowledged.

  2. It is a condition of the use of the ROPELOC that any data collected using it will be made available to the authors. Should this lead to any publication, the researchers collecting the data using the ROPELOC, will either be acknowledged as contributors or co-authors depending on the degree to which the data is important in the prospective publication. Should some particular issue arise, such as research grant restrictions or copyright issues surrounding research involving the use of the ROPELOC, and should such issues cause it to be undesirable that the particular data be identified in its source, or published as a whole or a part of an independent study, then this should be brought to the attention of the authors. Such situations will be respected, however, the requirement for production of the data will remain. In these cases the data will be used only for psychometric evaluation and for addition to norms etc but will not be identified as a separate data set in any publication.



Richards, G. E , Ellis, L. A., Neill, J. T. (2002). The ROPELOC: Review of Personal Effectiveness and Locus of Control: A comprehensive instrument for reviewing life effectiveness. Paper presented at Self-Concept Research: Driving International Research Agendas, 6-8 August, Sydney. [.pdf]



Active Involvement

Use action and energy to make things happen. 

Cooperative Teamwork

Cooperation in team situations.

Leadership Ability

Leadership capability.

Open Thinking

Openness and adaptability in thinking and ideas. 

Quality Seeking

Put effort into achieving the best possible results. 

Self Confidence

Confidence and belief in personal ability to be successful. 

Self Efficacy

Ability to handle things and find solutions in difficult situations.

Social Effectiveness

Competence and effectiveness in communicating and operating in social situations. 

Stress Management

Self-control and calmness in stressful situations. 

Time Efficiency 

Efficient planning and utilization of time.

Coping with change

The ability to cope with change. 

Overall Effectiveness 

The overall effectiveness of a person in all aspects of life.

Internal Locus of Control

Taking internal responsibility for actions and success. 

External Locus of Control

Accepting that external issues control or determine success

Control Items

Control scale consisting of stable personal preferences.  Allows baseline for change in stable areas for comparison with changes in other ROPELOC dimensions.