Studies which used the LEQ

2007

2006

  • Bialeschki, M. D., & Lyons, K. (2006). Four years At Morry’s Camp: Positive youth development in a camp setting. Paper presented to the American Camping Association Camp Research Symposium, University of New Hampshire & American Youth Foundation, February 8, 2006, Durham, NH.
  • Cope, A. J. (2006). The effects of an outdoor education program upon the self concept of year nine students. Unpublished Masters thesis. Monash University, Australia.
  • Miller, J. (2006). An evaluation of a cross section of Australian schools outdoor education program outcomes. Unpublished honours thesis, Australian Catholic University, Melbourne, Australia.
  • Miller, J., & Allen-Craig, S. (2006). An evaluation of a cross section of Australian schools' outdoor education program outcomes. Presentation to the Victorian Outdoor Education Conference, May 26-27, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia.
  • Reefe, K. (2006). The effectiveness of an intentionally focused, residential summer camp experience on the social skill development of pre-adolescent youth. Paper presented to the American Camping Association Camp Research Symposium, University of New Hampshire & American Youth Foundation, February 8, 2006, Durham, NH.
  • Smith, L., Griffiths, A., & Neill, J. T. (2006). Empowering camps and outdoor activity providers to impact communities. Workshop presented at the 1st Australian Camping Association Conference, October 13-16, Vision Valley, Arcadia, NSW, Australia.
  • Smith, L., Griffiths, A., & Neill, J. T. (2006). Preparing young people for a future of increasing uncertainty, complexity and challenge. Workshop presented at the Annual Victorian Outdoor Education Conference, May 26-27, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia.
  • True Blue Dreaming. Unpublished.

2005

2004

  • McLeod, B. (2004). An evaluation of an experiential learning and outdoor education school program on the life effectiveness skills of middle school boys. Unpublished honors thesis, Australian Catholic University, Melbourne, Australia.
  • McLeod, B., & Allen-Craig, S. (2004). An evaluation of an experiential learning and outdoor education school program on the life effectiveness skills of middle school boys. Proceedings of the International Outdoor Education Research Conference, July 6-9, Latrobe University Bendigo, Victoria, Australia.
  • Sibthorp, J., & Arthur-Banning, S. (2004). Developing life effectiveness through adventure education: The roles of participant expectations, perceptions of empowerment, and learning relevance. Journal of Experiential Education, 27(1), 32-50.

2003

  • Bailey, P. L. (2003). Rekindling the spirit of adventure - through participation in the expedition component of the Duke of Edinburgh's award: The value of this challenge for the participant. Unpublished dissertation, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW, Australia.
  • Crisp, S. P. (2003). An evaluation of Typo Station. Melbourne: NEO Youthpsych Consulting.
  • Doherty, C. (2003). The effects of a public school system's one day adventure experience. Unpublished 4th year teacher education project, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW, Australia. [.zip; .04 MB]

2002

Terry, L. (2002). A quantitative and qualitative analysis on the effects of an adventure course: An intervention with female adolescents. Undergraduate Thesis, Scripps College, Claremont, CA. Abstract. Full thesis (1 MB)

2000

Eagle, H., Gordon, J., & Lewis, L. (2000). The effects of a public school system's one day adventure experience. In L. A. Stringer, L. H. McAvoy, & A. B. Young (Eds.), Coalition for Education in the Outdoors Fifth Biennial Research Symposium Proceedings (Bradford Woods, IN, January 14-16, 2000). (ERIC citation and abstract)

1999

Eagle, H., (1999). Long-term differences between participants and non-participants in “Beyond the Limits” adventure education program. Unpublished Ed.D. thesis, University of Maryland, College Park, MD. [Off-line electronic copy held by JTN]

1997

  • National Outdoor Education & Leadership Services (1997). Research conducted on four school programs, Term 4, 1997 for the Outdoor Education Group. Canberra, ACT, Australia: National Outdoor Education & Leadership Services.
  • Neill, J. T., Richards, G. E., & Badenoch, D.? (1997). [A program evaluation of Operation Flinders]. Canberra, ACT, Australia: National Outdoor Education & Leadership Services.

Background & Psychometrics

Neill, J. T., Marsh, H. W., & Richards, G. 2003. Development of the Life Effectiveness Questionnaire. University of Western Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

This article is currently being redrafted into two separate PhD thesis chapters:

  • Life Effectiveness: Theory, Structure & Rationale for Instrument Development (Chapter 2)
  • Psychometric Testing and Development of the Life Effectiveness Questionnaire (Chapter 6)

The PhD thesis will also contain results chapters examining:

  • Inferential tests and effect sizes for program outcomes, with 6 IVs: Program Type, Program Length, Group Size, Group Gender, Participant Age, and Participant Gender.
  • Multi-level analysis of program outcomes

Related

Theory

  • Gilchrist, L. D., Schinke, S. P., & Maxell, J. S. (1987). Life skills counseling for preventing problems in adolescence. Journal of Social Service Research, 10(2/3/4), 73-84.
  • Elias, M. J., & Branden-Muller, L. R. (1994). Social and life skills development during the middle school years: An emerging perspective. Middle School Journal, 1, 3-7.

OE & Life Effectiveness

  • Moote, G. T, Jr., & Woodarski. J. S. (1997). The acquisition of life skills through adventure-based activities and programs: A review of the literature. Adolescence, 32, 143-167.
 
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