Wilderness & Education

Wilderness, Nature, Environment,
& Outdoor Education - References

James Neill
Last updated:
06 May 2007

Borrie, W. T. (1995).  Letting it be: Heidegger, leisure and wilderness.  Paper presented at 1995 NRPA Leisure Research Symposium. October 5-8, San Antonio, TX.

Borrie, W. T. (1997). The threats of technology to wilderness.  Paper presented at 1997 NRPA Leisure Research Symposium. October 29 - November 2, Salt Lake City, UT.

Borrie, W. T. (1998). Disneyland and Disney World: Constructing the environment, designing the visitor experience.  Paper presented at at the Seventh International Symposium on Society and Resource Management: Culture, Environment, and Society. May 27-31, 1998, University of Missouri, Columbia.

Borrie, W. T. (1999). The impacts of technology on the meaning of wilderness.  Forthcoming in: Watson, Alan E.; Aplet, Greg. 1999. Personal, Societal, and Ecological Values of Wilderness: Sixth World Wilderness Congress Proceedings on Research, Management, and Allocation, Vol. II, Proc. RMRS-P-000. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station.

Borrie, W. T., & Birzell, R. M. (2001).  Approaches to measuring quality of the wilderness experience. In: Freimund, Wayne A.; Cole, David N., comps. 2001. Visitor use density and wilderness experience: proceedings; 2000 June 1–3; Missoula, MT. Proc. RMRS-P-20. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station.

Borrie, W. T., & Roggenbuck, J. W. (1994). Community-based research for an urban recreation application of benefits-based management. An abbreviated version of this paper was presented at the Second Symposium on Social Aspects and Recreation Research, February 23-25, 1994, San Diego, California.

Borrie, W. T., & Roggenbuck, J. W. (1995). The use of verbal reports in outdoor recreation research : review, recommendations, and new directions. Paper presented at Fourth International Outdoor Recreation and Tourism Trends Symposium and the 1995 National Recreation Resource Planning Conference. St. Paul, Minnesota, May 14-17, 1995.

Borrie, W. T., & Roggenbuck, J. W. (1996).  Providing an authentic wilderness experience? - Thinking beyond the Wilderness Act of 1964.  Paper presented at Coalition for Education in the Outdoors Research Symposium Indiana University¹s Bradford Woods January 12-14, 1996.

Borrie, W. T., & Roggenbuck, J. W. (2001). The dynamic, emergent, and multi-phasic nature of on-site wilderness experiencesJournal of Leisure Research, 33, 202-229.

Christensen, N.A., & Borrie, W. T. (1998). Appropriate to pay: Is wilderness a unique recreation experience? Paper presented at at the Seventh International Symposium on Society and Resource Management: Culture, Environment, and Society. May 27-31, 1998, University of Missouri, Columbia.

Ellis-Smith, G. (2003). Ancient land - current connections.

EarthSpirit (2001). Scientist: Contact with nature can help prevent, treat illness.

Floyd, M. F., & Johnson, C. Y. (2002).  Coming to terms with environmental justice in outdoor recreation: A conceptual discussion with research implicationsLeisure Sciences, 24, 59-77.

Foster-Riley, M. & Hendee, J. C. (1999).  Wilderness vision quest clients: Motivations and reported benefits from an urban-based program 1988 to 1997.  In A. E. Watson, G. Aplet, G,. and J. C. Hendee (1999). Personal, Societal and Ecological Values of Wilderness: Sixth World Wilderness Congress Proceedings on Research, Management, and Allocation, 1998 October 24-29, Bangalore, India, Vol. II.  Proc. RMRS-P-000. Ogden, UT: USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station.  Also published in USDA Forest Service Proceedings RMRS-P-14 (2000) [pdf file - password protected].

Frumkin, H. S. (2001). Beyond toxicity: Human health and the natural environment. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 20, 234-240.  [Go to Browse]

Gorrell (n.d.). Nature's path to inner peace. [an ecopsychological look at a Costa Rica Outward Bound School program]. Psychology Today.

Grant, T. (1998). Why environmental education is GOOD education. Global, Environmental, & Outdoor Education Council.

Harding, J. A., Borrie, W. T., Cole, D. N. (2000).  Factors that limit compliance with low-impact recommendations.  In D. N. Cole, S. F. McCool, W. T. Borrie, & J. O’Loughlin (Eds.) Wilderness science in a time of change conference— Volume 4: Wilderness visitors, experiences, and visitor management; 1999 May 23–27; Missoula, MT. Proceedings RMRS-P-15-VOL-4. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station.

James, T. (1980/2000).  Can the mountains speak for themselves?  Scisco Conscientia, 3.

Lewis, M. (Ed.) (2007). American wilderness: A new history. New York: Oxford University Press.

Martin, P. (1996). New perspectives of self, nature and others. Australian Journal of Outdoor Education, 3(1).

Martin, P. (2004). Outdoor adventure in promoting relationships with nature. Australian Journal of Outdoor Education, 8(1), 20-28.

McAvoy, L. H. (1999). Rescue-free wilderness areas. In, Miles, J. & Priest, S. (Eds.). Adventure Education (pp. 325-330). State College, PA: Venture Publishing.

McIntyre, N., Roggenbuck, J. W. (1998). Nature/person transactions during an outdoor adventure experience: a multi-phasic analysis. Journal of Leisure Research, 30(4), 401-423.

McReady (1997) At-risk youth and leisure: An ecological perspectiveJournal of Leisurability.

Nash, R. (1967). Wilderness and the American mind. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Nash, R. (1982). Wilderness and the American mind (3rd ed.). New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Nash, R. (2001). Wilderness and the American mind (4th ed.). New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Neill, J. T. (1998). The wilderness of neural possibility.

Neill, J. T. (2002). Some notes about USA geography, the vision of Brenton MacKaye (creator of the Appalachian Trail), and on connecting Westernized people with nature.  Outdoor Education Research & Evaluation Center.

Neill, J. T. (2002).  My philosophy of outdoor education.  Outdoor Education Research & Evaluation Center.

Neill, J. T. (2002) Are the mountains still speaking for themselves?  Outdoor Education Research & Evaluation Center.

Neill, J. T. (2002). Outdoor education, ethics, and moral development.  Outdoor Education Research & Evaluation Center.

Nettleton, B. (1999). The metronomic society and the natural environment. Australian Journal of Outdoor Education, 3(2).

Parkin, D. (1998). Is outdoor education environmental education? Project Nature-Ed, Brassall, Queensland, Australia.

Pelly, D. F. (1997). Artic river journey: The impact of a wilderness experience. International Journal of Wilderness, 3(1), 29-32.

Rivkin, M. S. (2000). Outdoor experiences for young children. ERIC Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools Digest EDO-RC-00-7, Las Cruces, NM.

Scherl, L. M. (1988). Constructions of a wilderness experience: Using the repertory grid technique in the natural setting. Australian Psychologist, 23(2), 225-242.

Segal, F. (1997). Ecopsychology and the uses of wilderness. Ecopsychology Online, 4.

Unsoeld, W. (1978/1999). Wilderness and the sacredGreen Pages. [Wayback]

Woodhouse, J. L., & Knapp, C. E. (2000). Place-based curriculum and instruction: Outdoor and environmental education approaches. ERIC Digest - Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools - EDO-RC-00-6.

Yerkes, R., & Haras, K. (1997). Outdoor education and environmental responsibility. ERIC Digest (ED414112).

See also